Formal and Informal Contractions in Transcription for Non-verbatim

Non-verbatim rules for formal and informal contractions

There are two types of contractions:  formal and informal

Most often formal contractions are clearly and intentionally spoken.

Informal contractions are not always clearly spoken and can sometimes be misheard as poor enunciation.

Formal contractions are clearly spoken:

"It is" sounds clearly different than "It's"

"let us" is a clear enunciation and vastly different from "let's"

These types of contractions would always be captured as spoken.

 

Informal:

"want to" when spoken quickly can sometimes sound like "wanta" or "wanna"

This is informal, or oftentimes just not clearly enunciated speech. The same can be said about "doin'" versus "doing"

These types of informal contractions would be expanded into formal speech.

 

Below is an incomplete list of formal and informal contractions. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expand to formal

Do not expand to formal

Comments

Formal

Have

 

I've

could've

would've

should've

you've

they've

we've

 

 

 

🞮

could've, would've, or should've is often mistaken for "could of" "would of" and "should of" which are homophones of sorts and would not be grammatically correct

 

 

 

 

Am / Are

I'm

You're

We're

They're

 

 

🞮

 

 

Is / Has

 

He's

She's

It's

What's

That's

Who's

There's

He's

One's

 

 

 

🞮

 

 

Will

 

You'll

She'll

He'll

They'll

We'll

That'll

I'll

 

 

 

🞮

 

 

Would / had

 

You'd

He'd

She'd

We'd

They'd

 

 

🞮

 

 

Us

Let's

 

🞮

 

 

Not

 

Don't

Can't

Isn’t

Won't

Shouldn't

Couldn't

Wouldn't

Aren't

Doesn’t

Wasn’t

Weren’t

Hasn’t

Haven’t

Hadn’t

Didn't

 

 

 

 

 

🞮

 

 

y'all

g'day

ain't

gotcha

 

 

 

🞮

 

 

 

 DO EXPAND:

 

 

Informal

Wanna

 Want to

 

 

 

 Gonna

 Going to

 

 

 

'cause

Because

 

Never use: cuz/coz/cos

 

'em

Them

 

 

 

'bout

About

   

 

Doin'

Goin'

Et cetera

Doing

Going

 

All types of truncated words with in' would be captured using the full enunciation

 

Gotta

Got to

 

 

 

Kinda

Kind of

 

 

 

Sorta

Sort of

 

 

 

Lemme

Let me

 

 

 

Gimme

Give me

 

 

 

ya

you

   

 

Dunno

Don’t know

 

 

 

The above is a helpful reference but may not be a complete list. If you are unsure if a contraction is informal or formal, checking the definition can be helpful in determining this.

 

2019-05-14.png

  2019-05-14__1_.png

 

 

 

Have more questions? Submit a request

Comments

Powered by Zendesk